Tax Fairness Question at GOP Debate Rooted in Falsehood Spread by Media

Agresti, J. D. (2016, February 8). Tax Fairness Question at GOP Debate Rooted in Falsehood Spread by Media. Retrieved from
Agresti, James D. “Tax Fairness Question at GOP Debate Rooted in Falsehood Spread by Media.” Just Facts. 8 February 2016. Web. 2 October 2022.<>.
Chicago (for footnotes)
James D. Agresti, “Tax Fairness Question at GOP Debate Rooted in Falsehood Spread by Media.” Just Facts. February 8, 2016.
Chicago (for bibliographies)
Agresti, James D. “Tax Fairness Question at GOP Debate Rooted in Falsehood Spread by Media.” Just Facts. February 8, 2016.

By James D. Agresti
February 8, 2016

tax_fairness_gop_debate_nhDuring Saturday night’s debate in New Hampshire for the Republican presidential nomination, ABC news anchor David Muir pointedly asked the candidates if they stood opposed to the two-thirds of Americans who want to raise taxes on the wealthy.

First, Muir grilled Marco Rubio by stating, “A recent poll [found that] 68% of Americans favor raising taxes on people making more than a million a year. Are they wrong?”

After Rubio answered, Muir turned to Jeb Bush and challenged him: “I just want to repeat that number to you: 68% of Americans favor raising taxes on people making more than a million. What would you say to people who believe that?”

After Bush was done, Chris Christie chimed in and bluntly stated, “Everyone in the public who is in that 68%, I want to tell you the truth: You’re wrong, and here’s why you’re wrong.”

Left unsaid by Muir and all of the candidates is that the media has manipulated the vast majority of Americans to believe that the wealthy pay a lower tax rate than the middle class. This shapes public opinion by leading people to feel that the “wealthy aren’t paying their fair share,” to borrow the words of Joe Biden.

That many people would share Biden’s view makes sense given that a recent scientific poll commissioned by Just Facts found that 82% of all voters, 90% of Democratic voters, 74% of Republican voters, and 86% of undecided voters believe that the middle class pays a higher federal tax rate than the upper 1% of income earners.

Yet, the exact opposite is true. In fact, it’s not even close. The Congressional Budget Office’s latest estimates of federal tax burdens show that middle-income households pay an average federal tax rate of 12%, as compared to 33% for the top 1% of income earners.

In other words, the top 1% pays 2.7 times the federal tax rate of the middle class. Importantly, these tax rates account for nearly all taxes and income, unlike the incomplete and misleading tax rates often reported by the press.

The Obama administration’s Treasury Department found nearly identical figures: a 13% federal tax rate for families with $50,000 to $60,000 per year in cash income, as compared to a 33% tax rate for the top 99% to 99.9% of income earners, and a 39% tax rate for the top 0.1% of income earners.

The Tax Policy Center, a joint project of the left-leaning Urban Institute and the centrist Brookings Institution, also arrived at similar results.

So how did public views on this issue become so divorced from reality? Beyond the rhetoric of politicians, prominent media outlets and fact checkers have continually reported deceptive tax rates that exclude certain taxes, use partial measures of income, or employ both of these charades. A brief sample of organizations that have done this includes the New York Times, CBS News, Agence France-Presse, PolitiFact, and

Newspapers have also given the platform of their op-ed pages for others to spread these untruths, including Warren Buffett, Columbia professor James B. Stewart, and former U.S. Secretary of Labor Robert Reich.

Many media outlets have also engaged in spreading similar falsehoods about state and local taxes, such as the Washington Post, the Daily Beast, Newsmax, and the Providence Journal.

In total, Muir’s question illuminates more about the integrity and professionalism of journalists than it does about the positions of any candidate on this issue.

  • February 9, 2016 at 6:22 AM

    I garners a squeak more than $60,000 a year and my taxes, as I have computed them is 28%. Now that is sickening, and there is not a damned thing I can do about it.

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  • September 12, 2016 at 4:10 PM

    I’m a little above the $60,000 and they took 20% taxes for Federal. So I’m not sure where the tax department comes up with 13%??? So that is not a fact. And this year, due to retirement and pension, etc. I will be in the 33% tax bracket and my accountant already told me although I paid my 20% each time I was paid, the accumulation at the end of the year will put in the much higher bracket so I will owe taxes. So we will end up paying about $20,000 to the IRS at the end of the year due to this. Where in the world are you getting you information from because it is not my experience.

    • October 20, 2016 at 5:22 PM

      13% per household. Households have various numbers of dependents (tax deductions). Perhaps you have fewer dependents than the average?

    • November 8, 2016 at 3:38 PM

      Sir, perhaps you should get a new accountant? Or, perhaps you are mistaking tax withholding vs taxes owed?

      Using the 2015 H&R tax program, with a total income of $60,000, with no deductions, no IRA and no insurance ($143 penalty) your total tax should have been $8,373.

      That means this hypothetical person would have an “effective tax rate” of 13.9%

    • November 8, 2016 at 10:41 PM

      The $60,000 in income that appears on your tax return does not account for all of your income, because a good portion of income is not taxable, like employer-provided healthcare benefits, for example.


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