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In Sweden, which is one of the most LGBTQ-friendly countries in the world, is the suicide rate among people who have undergone sex reassignment surgery higher than that of the general public?

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Per a 2011 paper published in the journal PLoS One, a long-term population-based study of 324 sex-reassigned persons in Sweden found that their suicide rate was 19 times higher than the general population. This result has a confidence interval of 5.8 to 62.9. In 1972, Sweden became "the first country in the world to legally allow gender change," and in 1979, its National Board of Health and Welfare decided that "homosexuality is no longer a mental disorder." In 2013, the Swedish government created a webpage declaring that it is "one of the most gay-friendly countries in the world" and that the 2013 "Stockholm Pride parade had an estimated 60,000 participants and 600,000 spectators, one of several signs that LGBT people are a welcomed part of Swedish society." A widely cited 2019 paper in the American Journal of Psychiatry claimed to show that "gender-affirming surgeries" reduced suicides, but the data showed nothing of the sort, and the authors were forced to issue a correction.

Documentation2011 Paper2013 Swedish Webpage2020 CorrectionLead-Up to Correction



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