Which of the following nations has the highest average real household income, including the government benefits they receive minus the taxes they pay?
In 2018, the United States ranked first among 32 developed nations in average real household income. This benchmark is called "disposable income," and unlike the common understanding of the term, it is a very broad measure of nations' standards of living. Per the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development: "Disposable income, as a concept, is closer to the idea of income as generally understood in economics, than is either national income or gross domestic product." This is because it accounts for all forms of income from the private sector and government, including non-cash income like healthcare benefits, housing, and food. Importantly, it also subtracts out taxes, since households cannot use income that governments have taken from them. In 2018, the average household disposable income in the U.S. was 34% higher than in Norway, 49% higher than in Canada, and 55% higher than in Sweden.