Which U.S. president appointed all of the Supreme Court justices who ruled that he could place U.S. citizens of Japanese descent into detention camps during World War II without evidence of "individual disloyalty" to the U.S.?
In the 1944 case of Korematsu v. United States, all 6 of the justices who ruled that he could place U.S. citizens of Japanese descent into detention camps were appointed by Democrat Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Two of the dissenting justices were also appointed by Roosevelt, and one of the dissenting justices was appointed by Republican Herbert Hoover. As a result of Roosevelt's policy and his Supreme Court appointments, 110,000 people of Japanese descent, including 70,000 who were born in the U.S., were detained in camps with barbed wire fences and armed guards. They were allowed to take limited belongings with them, and some lost everything they owned. Despite this treatment, Americans of Japanese descent volunteered for a segregated combat unit to fight for the U.S. during WWII. This regiment became the most decorated military unit of its size in the history of the nation, earning 9,486 Purple Hearts, 4,000 Bronze Stars, and 21 Medals of Honor.