Relative to the rates at which people of different races commit murder in the U.S., which of the following races is most likely to be subject to the death penalty?
In the U.S. over the past two decades, white people comprised 45% of murder perpetrators in cases where law enforcement identified the race of the culprit, 59% of the death row population, and 66% of death penalty executions. In comparison, black people comprised 52% of murder perpetrators, 42% of the death row population, and 32% of death penalty executions. People of other races comprised 2% of murder perpetrators, 2% of the death row population, and 1% of death penalty executions. The portion of murders committed by minorities is understated when accounting only for cases in which law enforcement have identified the perpetrators. This is because roughly 90% of murder perpetrators are the same race as their victims, and murders of black and Hispanic victims are less likely to be solved.