On average, what portion of U.S. students in prekindergarten through 12th grade receive federally subsidized free or reduced-price lunches each school day?
Among 56.6 million students enrolled in prekindergarten through 12th grade, 20.1 million receive federally subsidized free lunches each school day, and 1.7 million receive reduced-price lunches. This amounts to 39% of U.S. students receiving federally subsidized lunches. In 2019, the school lunch program had an improper payment rate of 9%, and the school breakfast program had an improper payment rate of 10%. These are among the higher improper payment rates of federal programs because they don't always require documentation of parents' income.
DocumentationSchool Enrollment School Lunch ParticipationImproper PaymentsFraud Examples