What portion of all employees in the U.S. earn the federal minimum wage or below?
In 2018, 2% of all employees in the U.S. earned the federal minimum wage or below. For employees aged 16 to 19, the rate was 8%. For employees aged 25 and older, the rate was 1%. These figures don't account for overtime pay, tips, or commissions. Some people earn below the federal minimum wage because the law has exceptions that "apply under specific circumstances to workers with disabilities, full-time students, youth under age 20 in their first 90 consecutive calendar days of employment, tipped employees and student-learners."
DocumentationMinimum Wage Employees