What portion of all healthcare spending in the U.S. is directly paid by consumers to healthcare providers (as opposed to payments by third parties like insurance companies or governments)?
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In 2016, consumers directly paid for 11% of all healthcare spending in the U.S., as compared to 48% in 1960. Government policies have driven this trend, and it is a major factor in the rise of healthcare spending, because it reduces consumers' incentives to shop for the best value.
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