Can a labor union become the exclusive representative for all employees in a workplace without having a secret-ballot election?
Under a process known as "card check," unions can become the exclusive representative for all employees in a workplace without having a secret-ballot election. A similar process was widely used for political contests in the 1800s, but all U.S. states and numerous Western democracies banned it, because it enabled activists to intimidate citizens. Federal law also bans this process for most internal union elections and requires that unions elect their officers by secret ballot, except for national and international federations comprised of multiple unions.
DocumentationUnionization Without Elections